During the second half of the 20th Century, many changes have occurred which relate to a woman’s reproductive choices. Until fifty years ago, fertile women became pregnant and gave birth out of choice or because there were no adequate contraceptives. The decisions were defined by rigid social expectations and medical realities. The chapter deals with the variety of reproductive choices that exist today in regards to parenting, the accessibility of birth control, terminations and new reproductive technologies.
The chapter also deals with women who decide not to bear children, and the varying types of “family units”, such as single motherhood or same sex partnership wishing to either give birth or adopt. The chapter handles questions relating to public an